Comprehensive Basic Phlebotomy

This course gives the student an overview of anatomy, physiology and basic infection control, along with basic phlebotomy theory which will prepare the student for advanced phlebotomy techniques. Students with less than 1040 hours of experience must begin with this Basic Phlebotomy course. This course is strictly timed to be 20+ hours long.

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Module 1- Introduction to Phlebotomy and the Healthcare Setting

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 1

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • Define Phlebotomy practice and list the essential competencies for individuals performing blood collection procedures.
  • Identify health care providers who generally perform venipuncture and skin puncture procedures.
  • Identify the importance of phlebotomy procedures to the overall care of the patient.
  • Describe various health care settings, both inpatient and ambulatory, where phlebotomy services are routinely performed.
  • List the reasons for blood collection.
  • Describe personal characteristics that are important in a phlebotomist.
  • Discuss the case that lead to the California State Certification Requirements for phlebotomy.
  • Define the key terms related to the ability to obtain California State Certification.
  • Differentiate the requirements for a Limited Phlebotomy Technician, for a Certified Phlebotomy Technician I, and for a Certified Phlebotomy Technician II.
  • Discuss what continuing education is required of a phlebotomist in California.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the health care delivery system and associated medical terminology.
  • Identify the health care providers in hospitals and clinics and their major functions in which the phlebotomist may interact.
  • Describe the organizational structure and functions of the clinical & anatomical laboratory department.
  • Discuss the roles of the clinical laboratory personnel and their qualifications for these professional positions.

Module 2- Basic Infection Control, Universal Precautions and Safety

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 3
Chapter 8

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • Identify steps to avoid the spread of infection.
  • Identify the basic programs for infection control
  • Identify the proper techniques for hand washing and gloving.
  • Differentiate Between Sterile and Aseptic Technique
  • List the situational uses for the OSHA Standard Precautions.
  • Understand safety awareness for health care workers.
  • Understand the safety policies and procedures that must be followed in all phases of specimen collection and transportation
  • Describe the essential elements of a disaster emergency plan for a health care facility
  • Describe the use of safety equipment in the laboratory
  • Discuss the chemical, fire, electrical and radiation hazards that a phlebotomist might encounter, and identify the safety procedures associated with each hazard.
  • Identify the symbols for: Radiation Hazard, Chemical Hazard, Fire Hazard, Electrical Hazard, Radiation Hazard, and Physical Hazard.
  • Discuss the purpose of a Chemical Hygiene Plan.
  • Discuss the purpose and use of Material Safety Data Sheets.
  • Correlate the classifications of fires to the types of fire extinguishers.
  • List the common work related injuries in the laboratory setting, including latex allergies, and their prevention techniques.
  • Discuss the biohazard and sharps hazards that a phlebotomist might encounter, and identify the safety procedures and appropriate disposal procedures associated with each hazard.
  • Identify the symbols for: Sharps Hazard and Biohazard
  • Discuss the importance of Proper Ergonomics in the prevention of Injury

Module 3- Medical Terminology and Systems of the Human Body

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 4
Chapter 5

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • Identify basic metric units and prefixes used in the laboratory.
  • Read both Fahrenheit and Celsius temperature charts.
  • Define military time and convert from traditional 12- hour clock to 24-hour clock.
  • Describe the directional terms, anatomic surface regions, and cavities of the body.
  • Identify key terms used in Phlebotomy
  • Recognize Abbreviations and Symbols
  • Define the terms anatomy, physiology, pathology, metabolism, catabolism, and anabolism
  • Identify the terms and abbreviations on The Joint Commissions “Do Not Use” list.
  • Define homeostasis and the two different types of metabolism.
  • Describe eight structural levels of the human body ranging from atoms to cells to the entire organism.
  • Describe the purpose, function, and structural components of the 11 body systems
  • Recognize examples of disorders associated with each organ system.
  • Describe the organization of cells in the human body to form body systems
  • Identify the eleven major body systems
  • Understand the function of the different body systems
  • Be able to identify the major organs in each system
  • Demonstrate awareness of disorders common to the body systems.

Module 4- Blood Components

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 6

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • Identify and describe the cellular and non-cellular components of blood.
  • List the 5 types of white blood cells reported on a WBC differential.
  • List the tests / parameters which are reported on a Complete Blood Count.
  • List the major components of blood and describe the function of the three cells in blood.
  • Differentiate between serum and plasma.

Module 5- The Circulatory System

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 6

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • Identify and describe the structures and functions of the heart.
  • Trace the flow of blood through the cardiovascular system.
  • Differentiate the physical characteristics of veins, arteries capillaries and tendons.
  • Identify the veins of the arms, hands, legs, and feet on which phlebotomy is performed and describe the suitability of each for venipuncture.
  • List common disorders of the Circulatory System.

Module 6- Laboratory Sections and the Tests Performed in Each Section.

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 6

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • List the types of laboratory procedures performed in the various sections of the laboratory.
  • Identify the most common tests performed in the Hematology section of the laboratory and the most common reasons for performing these tests.
  • List the tests / parameters which are reported on a Complete Blood Count. (CBC)
  • Identify the most common tests performed in the Chemistry section of the laboratory and the most common reasons for performing these tests.
  • Identify the most common tests performed in the Blood Bank section of the laboratory and the most common reasons for performing these tests.
  • Identify the most common tests performed in the Toxicology section of the laboratory and the most common reasons for performing these tests.
  • Identify the most common tests performed in the Serology/Immunology section of the laboratory and the most common reasons for performing these tests.
  • Identify the most common tests performed in the Coagulation section of the laboratory and the most common reasons for performing these tests.
  • Identify the most common tests performed in the Microbiology section of the laboratory and the most common reasons for performing these tests.
  • Know which laboratory tests are associated with the different body systems
  • Understand which tests monitor and assist in diagnosis of disease and disorders specific to each body system.

Module 7- Blood Collection Equipment, Types of Tubes and Additives, Proper Order of Draw When Additives Are Required and Special Precautions

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 7

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • List the three types of systems use for venipuncture and explain the advantages and disadvantages of each system.
  • Describe the various types of tourniquets, needles, their parts, sizing by gauge and length, common use, and safety features.
  • Identify the various supplies that should be carried on a specimen collection tray when a venipuncture or skin puncture specimen must be collected
  • Describe the categories of tube additives used in blood collection, list the various additives in each category, and describe how each additive works
  • List the most common laboratory tests and testing sections commonly associated with the different tube additives.
  • Describe the principle behind Order of Draw
  • List the Order of Draw for the evacuated tube system and the syringe system.
  • Compare different manufacturer suggestions for “Order of Draw”
  • Understand Carryover/Cross Contamination concepts.

Module 8- Proper Patient/Specimen Identification

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 8

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • Describe the patient identification process for all patients, i.e., inpatient, ER patient, outpatient, pediatrics, emergency situations, etc.
  • List the methods used to confirm the patient's identity for a variety of situations and patient age groups.
  • Explain how the phlebotomist should handle ID discrepancies and the procedure for a “missing” ID band.
  • Describe the identification procedures required for Transfusion testing specimens and identify medical consequences if patients receive the wrong unit of blood.
  • List the items required on specimen collection containers
  • Understand the CLSI Standards for Patient Identification

Module 9- Skin Puncture Procedure

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 10

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • Describe reasons for performing a skin puncture procedure
  • List the indications / advantages for performing Skin Punctures in pediatric and adult populations
  • Describe and explain the decontamination process and the agents used to decontaminate skin for routine blood tests
  • Describe the various features needed on skin puncture lancets and micro collection devices.
  • Discuss the types of equipment and supplies that must be used during micro-collection of infants and children
  • Describe the correct order of steps in the performance of a Skin Puncture.
  • Describe the proper lancet insertion depth for Skin Puncture and explain why controlling the depth of the puncture is necessary
  • Describe fears or concerns that children in different development stages might have toward the blood collection process
  • Identify puncture sites for a heel stick on an infant and describe the procedure
  • Explain why blood from a skin puncture procedure is different from blood taken by venipuncture
  • Describe the procedure for screening neonates for phenylketonuria (PKU)
  • Describe the equipment that is used and personnel responsible for performing the bleeding-time test.
  • Describe the process of making a blood smear
  • Discuss the purpose and methodology for puncture site warming.
  • Identify laboratory tests that have a different reference values when collected by skin puncture.
  • Identify tests that cannot be performed by skin puncture.
  • List acceptable and unacceptable sites for Skin Puncture on adult and pediatric patients.
  • Describe the labeling of micro collection specimens.
  • List the order of draw for skin puncture specimens.
  • List the tests most commonly done on skin puncture specimens.
  • Describe the procedure and rationale for post-puncture care of a skin puncture

Module 10- Venipuncture Procedure

Reading Assignment :

Chapter 8

Upon the completion of this module, the learner will be able to:

  • List methods used to locate veins that are not prominent.
  • List the effects of tourniquet, pumping fist, and heating on venipuncture.
  • Describe proper needle insertion and withdrawal techniques including direction, angle, depth and aspiration for venipuncture.
  • List the correct order of steps for performing the venipuncture procedure with an evacuated tube system, the syringe system, and the butterfly system.
  • List common causes for the failure to obtain blood.
  • Describe the principle behind, and list the order of draw for the evacuated tube system and the syringe system.
  • Identify and describe the procedural errors that lead to the inability to obtain a blood specimen, and explain how to handle them.
  • Describe measures used to ensure patient safety in various patient settings, i.e., inpatient, outpatient, pediatrics, emergency situations, etc.
  • Describe unique requirements associated with drawing special populations including geriatric, pediatric, and long-term care patients.
  • Describe the procedure and rationale for post-puncture care of a venipuncture

Details

Category : Phlebotomy

Course Number : 1

Price : $299.00

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